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longispinus; Description. Common Name(s): field sandbur [English] innocent-weed [English] mat sandbur [English] burgrass [English] longspine sandbur [English] sandbur [English] Taxonomic Status: Sheaths may reach 20 in. In the Carolinas, at least, "sandspur" is much the more often used -- as do Weakley (2018) and RAB (1968) -- and thus the website editors are using that group common name. Burr Bubba73 CC BY-SA 3.0 Habitat Kenraiz CC BY-SA 4.0 Stem formation Kenraiz CC BY-SA 4.0. They may have a reddish color near the base. The Australasian Virtual Herbarium (AVH) is an online resource that provides immediate access to the wealth of plant specimen information held by Australian herbaria. (GPWG 2001) : Subfamily Panicoideae. source: ArcGIS Collector app, Canberra Nature Map, Atlas of Living Australia, National Herbarium. Illinois Wildflowers. They consist of 1 to 3 seeds each. Cenchrus longispinus. Cenchrus longispinus (Hackel) Fernald . Male P. longispinus, P. viburni, and P. ficus also mated multiple times during their lifetimes (maximum of 9, 11, and 19 times, respectively). Fern. Sandburs are easily recognized by their distinctive burs, which are formed by fusion of sterile branches from the flowering head. Jansen & Wacht. Common Name. Scientific Name: Cenchrus longispinus (Hack.) Cenchrus species are native to North America, Mexico, … Fern. Family: Poaceae. Mat Sandbur is a summer annual grass. Fernald: Common Name: SANDBUR, SANDSPUR: Coefficient of Conservatism: 0 Coefficient of Wetness: 5 Wetness Index: UPL Physiognomy: Nt A-Grass. Farm animals are often injured when grazing in locations where this plant is growing, often injuring their mouths and eye. Under certain conditions, it can persist as a biennial or perennial. Common Name: longspine sandbur, sandspur, field sandbur, common sandbur. N.C. Cenchrus longispinus Fernald. ex W. H. Wagner slide collection. Other scientific names. Typically, each spike can contain 40 and occasionally up to 50 burs. Tracheobionta – Vascular plants. Insects, Diseases, and Other Plant Problems:  This plant can be invasive. Pennisetum ciliare (L.) Link Cenchrus glaucus C.R. Other common names for Cenchrus longispinus are Matted Sandbur and Long-spined Sandbur. longispinus (Hack.) Botanical name See this plant in the following landscape: Cultivars / Varieties: Tags: #summer annual Add. Johnst., Sida 1 (3): 182 (1963). : not known to be. Read our Commitment to Diversity | Read our Privacy Statement. Life Cycle. The fruits are contained in the spiny burs that are along the terminal panicle. They are enclosed in round, spine-covered, yellow-green burs. Stem: 5--100(200) cm, erect or decumbent, generally bent; nodes and internodes generally glabrous; internode solid to spongy. AL, AR, AZ, CA, CO, CT, DC, DE, FL, GA, IA, IL, IN, KS, KY, LA, MA, MD, ME MI, MN, MO, MS, MT, NC, ND, NE. WSSA list of weeds in North America. longspine sandbur, mat sandbur, burgrass, field sandbur, innocent-weed, longspine sandbur, sandbur. Sometimes they even grow together in weedy lawns. When dried, the burs become sharp and attach to the clothing or shoelaces of passersby. Cenchrus longispinus. ), and they even grow together in weedy lawns and other habitats. The leaves, that can reach lengths of up to 6", form along the entire length of the stems. Cenchrus echinatus f. longispina Hack. Roadsides, railroads, fields, and disturbed places generally; an obnoxious weed, especially frequent in dry sandy places but mercifully not yet common … Rank. EPPO Code: CCHLO. More photos of Cenchrus longispinus in CalPhotos. 2020, Jepson eFlora, https://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/eflora/, accessed on December 31, 2020. Scientific Name and Common Name. Leaves. Name . Cenchrus is a widespread genus of plants in the grass family. Basionym: Cenchrus echinatus f. longispinus Hack. Cenchrus longispinus (Hack.) APG IV Classification: Domain: Eukaryota • (unranked): Archaeplastida • Regnum: Plantae • Cladus: angiosperms • Cladus: monocots • Cladus: commelinids • Ordo: Poales • Familia: Poaceae • Cladus: PACMAD clade • Subfamilia: Panicoideae • Tribus: Paniceae • Genus: Cenchrus • … Plantae – Plants. The flower is a spike-like clusters of 1-4" long at the stem tips. Several culms are produced from the base that may sprawl along the ground or stand in an ascending fashion. SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE: Cenchrus longispinus FAMILY Poaceae. Overview Appearance Cenchrus longispinus is an annual grass with conspicuous burs along the seedhead. Common Names. However, Crabgrasses produce finger-like spikes of flowers that lack burs. SYNONYMOUS WITH (MISAPPLIED) Manual of the Grasses of the US (Hitchcock & Chase, 1950) Cenchrus pauciflorus Why Is It a Noxious Weed? They can also attach themselves to vehicle tires or be washed to new location via rainfall. Paniceae. The burs can prick the skin when dry out. Scientific name Cenchrus longispinus (Hack.) Description: Tufted annual to 0.9 m high. All Images Enlarge Image. Worldwide: Native to North and South America (USDA-ARS 2016 Footnote 2).Introduced to Europe (Belgium, Italy, Ukraine) and Australia (CABI 2016 Footnote 3). N of The Dalles, OR along Dallasport Rd ca. It … Mat Sandbur is a loosely clumped summer annual grass with branching stems, referred to as culms, of up to 2.5' long. Leaves with sheath keeled, margins glabrous or pilose; ligule reduced to a densely ciliate rim; blade 3–12 mm wide, glabrous to pubescent, scabrid. USA (most of USA and Canada), Mexico. Cenchrus carolinianus Walter : Nastus carolinianus (Walter) Lunell : Cenchrus pauciflorus var. Authority: (Hackel) Fernald. Introduced in France to Romania, Morocco, Israel, Caucasus, Iran, Caribbean, Central America, South America (Venezuela, Argentina), Australia. pedicellate), have several rows of larger flattened spines (usually with 40-70 spines in total), and numerous smaller hairy bristles at their base. Family. Family Name: Poaceae (Graminae) - Grass Family. Citation for this treatment: James P. Smith, Jr. 2012, Cenchrus longispinus, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. Fernald: Family: Poaceae: Common Names: mat sandbur, longspine sandbur: Eastern Washington: Probably introduced: Conservation Status: Notes: Click on any image to enlarge it. NH, NJ, MN, MV, NY, OH, OK, OR, PA, RI, SC, SD, TN, TX UT, VA, TV WA, WI, WV, WY, Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day), Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours), 7a, 7b, 8b, 8a, 9a, 9b, 10a, 10b, 11b, 11a. Growth can be erect or decumbent. Additional rooting can take place where the nodes touch the ground. spiny burrgrass (Cenchrus longispinus) has seed-heads that produce spiny 'burrs'. Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time (fruiting time in some monocot genera). Common Names. Common Name(s): Long-Spined Sandbur; Previously known as: Cenchrus pauciflorus var. The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. Culms . 2013. secretion, hence the common name m ealybugs. Common names: Bohena beauty (Source: Aust Pl Common Names) - English; dune sandbur (Source: Aust Pl Common Names) - English; gentle Annie (Source: Aust Pl Common Names) - English; hedgehog grass (Source: Aust Pl Common Names) - English; long-spine sandbur (Source: State Noxweed Seed) - English; mat sandbur (Source: F NAmer) - English; … Its aggressive, invasive nature is intensified by its burs ability to latch onto the fur of animals and the clothing of passersby to be spread to other locations. References: Hilty, J. Longspine sandbur was changed from a Class B to a Class C noxious weed in 2013. 1943; USDA, ARS, Germplasm Resources Information Network. longspine sandbur, mat sandbur, burgrass, field sandbur, innocent-weed, longspine sandbur, sandbur. Duplicates counted once; synonyms included. Regulation. Its fruits are clumped into " burrs " with sharp, barbed spines that can penetrate the hides and mouth of grazing animals. References . Each bur encloses 2-3 (-4) spikelets. Long-spined sandbur. NOTE: Some sites use "sandspur" and some use "sandbur" for the group common name for Cenchrus. NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to Cenchrus echinatus L. Show All Show Tabs southern sandbur General Information; Symbol: CEEC ... can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. Scientific Name: Cenchrus longispinus (Hack.) Cenchrus longispinus. In their natural habitat, they can be found growing in sandy sites, abandoned fields and in areas that have been disturbed recently. Common names: mat sandbur Cenchrus longispinus (mat sandbur) is an annual grass (family Poaceae) that can grow up to 2 feet tall and is found in the Central Valley, Modoc Plateau area, and the south coast and desert ranges of California. Pennisetum incomptumNees ex Steud. The upper side is rough, with a smooth lower surface. Other Common Names: mat sand bur Weed class: C Year Listed: 1988 Native to: Canada, Mexico, and parts of the United States Is this Weed Toxic? 2016 Footnote 1). Classification. Another common name for Cenchrus longispinus is Matted Sandbur. Transmission of the Grapevine virus B by the mealybug Pseudococcus longispinus Targioni-Tozzetti (Hemiptera:Pseudococcidae) in Brazil . Cambridge, MA 45:388. Cenchrus longisetus* M.C. (Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence). SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968) 029-69-005: Cenchrus longispinus FAMILY Poaceae. Kingdom. Leaves with sheath strongly compressed, keeled, margins and throat pilose; ligule ciliate; blade scabrous to sparsely pilose, usually flat, 3–7.2 mm wide. Spiny burrgrass; Taxonomic Tree Top of page. native annual, reproducing by seed. Preferred Scientific Name. Cenchrus longispinus (Hack.) They often form large mats and can grow up to 2' in length. The light green stems or culms is covered by a sheath of leaves. Cenchrus longispinus FAMILY Poaceae. The spike is enclosed by a leaf sheath. How would I identify it? utique rej. Identification Notes. The foliage of Sandbur and its habit of growth are quite similar to those of crabgrasses ( Digitaria spp. Taxonomy: Cenchrus, Poaceae Category: Monocot. Rich. Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Classification. They can also become lodged in human clothing, causing some discomfort. C. longispinus stems are somewhat flattened and hairless and has a fibrous root system. Cenchrus carolinianus Walter, nom. Cenchrus echinatus L. APNI* Description: Tufted annual to 0.9 m high. Notes. The main flower stalk axis is wavy. Canadian: Occurs in BC, ON, QC (Brouillet et al. Rhodora; Journal of the New England Botanical Club. form a strategic partnership called N.C. Cooperative Extension prohibits discrimination and harassment on the basis of race, color, national origin, age, sex (including pregnancy), disability, religion, sexual orientation, gender identity, and veteran status. General Description. It is also considered a winter annual, that is, it can live for one year, with a winter included. (Crabgrasses). Overview Appearance Cenchrus species are an annual to perennial mat forming grass, (family Poaceae) usually growing from 2-40 in. (5-100 cm) in height. New and emerging invasive plants in the ACT. Common Name: SANDBUR Habit: Annual, perennial herb. These 'burrs' are shortly stalked (i.e. Subkingdom. Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. multiple from base, tufted, spreading and ascending, mat-forming and rooting at nodes, compressed, smooth. AVH is a collaborative project of the state, Commonwealth and territory herbaria, developed under the auspices of the Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria (CHAH), representing the major Australian collections. Fernald APNI*. Cultivars / Varieties: Tags: … Its species are native to many countries in Asia, Africa, Australia, the Americas, and various oceanic islands. Editor. Cenchrus longispinus; Preferred Common Name. Mudaliar & Sundararaj Pennisetum cenchroides A. Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa, if there are more than 1 infraspecific taxon in CA. click thumbnail to see a larger image . Fernald WildNet taxon ID 10205 Alternate name(s) spiny burrgrass innocent weed hedgehog grass gentle annie bohena beauty Conservation significant No Confidential No Endemicity Introduced Pest status Environmental Weed Other resources The Australasian Virtual Herbarium (AVH) Atlas of Living Australia Data source This profile data is sourced … Primary Noxious, Class 2 in the Canadian Weed Seeds Order, 2016 under the Seeds Act.. Distribution. (51 cm) in height. Common name: Mossman River Grass. Cenchrus longispinus. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Cenchrus longispinus is a species of grass, also known as spiny burr grass or gentle Annie. They can be flat, or folded lengthwise and sometimes rolled up slightly on the edges. Preferred name: Cenchrus longispinus. It is native to the central and eastern United States. Cenchrus longispinus (Hack.) Species: Cenchrus longispinus. The foliage of Sandbur and its habit of growth is quite similar to Digitaria spp. Poaceae. 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In Asia, Africa, Australia, NATIONAL herbarium together in weedy lawns and other habitats folded lengthwise and rolled.

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