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After application, the solvent evaporates and leaves behind the binder and pigment in a thin, hardened coating we think of as a layer of paint. Most paints have three basic components: a pigment, binder and solvent. On the left, the benzene ring is shown as a hexagon that has three double bonds, and on the right, the benzene ring is shown also as a hexagon, but with a circle inside. The actual chemical reaction is very complex and can proceed by many different paths, but the same toluene oxidation process occurs in the upper atmosphere so it is very well-studied. It is a colorless, water-insoluble liquid with the smell associated with paint thinners. Toluene is used as a solvent, especially for paints, coatings, gums, oils and resins, and as raw material in the production of benzene, phenol and other organic solvents and in the production of polymers and rubbers. There is usually no detailed list of VOCs. The ability to dissolve a material and evaporate after application has made toluene useful in inks, adhesives, lacquers, fragrances, cleaning supplies and other similar products. 0000003365 00000 n 0000007599 00000 n 0000003199 00000 n VOCs are a group of carbon-based chemicals that easily evaporate at room temperature. 99,6 %. 0000012380 00000 n Hydroxyl radicals are very unstable and tend to rapidly disappear as they recombine with water molecules. It is one in a series of Public Health Statements about hazardous substances and their health effects. Toluene Toluene is clear, colorless liquid that occurs naturally in crude oil and in the tolu tree. There has not been any evidence of toluene causing cancer to date and the EPA does not classify it as a possible carcinogen. Reproductive Toxicity; Listed as causing: Developmental Toxicity. The oxidation of a molecule like toluene essentially converts it into harmless substances like carbon dioxide and water. These are the chemicals most likely to evaporate and be found in the air. The smell of toluene is detectable at a concentration of 8ppm, which is far below any dangerous levels (200 ppm is considered hazardous by OSHA). 0000003257 00000 n 0000009299 00000 n Nylon, plastics, and many other synthetic materials are made with toluene as a starting point. The process is very similar to completely burning toluene—only byproducts will remain. Female Reproductive Toxicity: Date of Listing: 08/07/2009 . A VOC is any compound that contains carbon and reacts with nitrogen oxides in the presence of sunlight to form ground-level ozone, a pollutant regulated by U.S. EPA. A shorter version, the ToxFAQs, is also available. The largest quantity of toluene is used in engine fuel, as it is the primary ingredient of gasoline. 0000003006 00000 n 0000003591 00000 n 0000003064 00000 n VOC exempt solvents are organic compounds that are exempt from restrictions placed on most volatile organic compounds (VOCs) in the United States.This class currently includes acetone, dimethyl carbonate, methyl acetate, parachlorobenzotrifluoride (Oxsol 100), tert-butyl acetate, and propylene carbonate. Because inhaling small amounts of toluene can be considered intoxicating, the EU has banned the sale of products with more than 0.1% toluene. For a natural alternative, use cedar chips or lavender sachets. 0000002658 00000 n Many substances, such as natural gas, could be classified as volatile organic compounds (VOCs). 0000010991 00000 n 0000008334 00000 n Toluene is present in crude oil and is also formed in oil refinery processes. same toluene oxidation process occurs in the upper atmosphere, smell of toluene is detectable at a concentration of 8ppm, primarily affects the central nervous system, toluene is generally processed out of the body in about one day, the accepted long-term effects are still dire, Buying an Air Purifier: 5 Essential Features to Look For, Christmas Tree Allergies: How to Deal With Them. When challenged with a mixture of VOCs including toluene, the current Molekule device was able to remove a concentration of about 194 ppb toluene to undetectable levels in about an hour. toluene 13.5 12.2 11.0 1.6 0.24 0.15 0.08 - xylenes 14.9 12.6 11.3 0.7 2.61 0.39 0.33 - Total VOC >99 >99 >99 ND 38 7.6 12 3.0 * all C3-alkylated benzene isomers # grouped in C6-C10 compounds ^ EPA priority PAH ND = No Data TOTAL VOCs IN SOLVENTS AND OTHER PRODUCTS In a similar way to fuels, VOCs are often a component of products such as paints and solvents. That smell that drives the moths away is due to dichlorobenzene, a VOC commonly found in moth repellents and other deodorizers. 0000012088 00000 n Explosives: One of the most well-known explosives is trinitrotoluene, or TNT, and is made from toluene. 0000004127 00000 n Basis for Listing: LC. As such, its IUPAC systematic name is methylbenzene. 0000003423 00000 n Most of the TNT produced goes into shells, bombs and grenades. 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